I’m a sucker for historical sites & ruins, and enjoy seeing the various sites that Peru has to offer. I had never really known about the history of Lima itself, other than the fact that the Spaniards pretty much dominated the culture of Lima. And I knew there were some sort of rocky ruins in the Miraflores district, but never got the chance to visit… until this past June when my family came!
Huaca Pucllana was inhabited by the Lima culture, from 200 – 700 AD, and then was abandoned and later used by the Wari culture from 700 – 1000 AD as an elite cemetery. To get an idea about the rest of Peruvian culture, the Incas didn’t come into the historical scene until the 13th century. Therefore, the Lima culture & Wari culture are known as pre-Inca cultures. (and there were lots of other pre-Inca cultures in Peru!)
These cultures were ocean worshippers, hence their close location to the coast, and minus all the modern buildings, they could see the ocean from the pyramids.
These ruins are where people would come to the pyramid for ceremonies. There were three ritual activities that were done here: human sacrifices, breaking of jars (a type of ceremony), and ritual banquets. These ceremonies were all to thank the divinities that the culture believed in, namely to the feminine goddess of the ocean. Anthropologists found that many of the human sacrifices were of young women, but also men and boys.
The part of Huaca Pucllana that we toured is called “Templo de Adoradores del Mar” = Temple of the Ocean Worshippers.
Price : 12 soles for adults (about $4.10), 5 soles for Peruvian professors or students, 1 sol for kids or students.
Hours : 9:00am – 5:00pm, Wednesday to Monday. (Closed Tuesdays!)
Location : General Borgoño cuadra 8, Miraflores, Lima, Peru
Tours : Available in English, Spanish, French, Portuguese, and Japanese!
We joined a group of about 10 others with an English guide, and he walked us through the site explaining the different parts.
What struck me the most about this site, Huaca Pucllana, was the fact that it is so big and contains so much history inside the walls. Little did I know back in June, but there are other Huacas (archaeological sites) located around Lima, including inside the zoo! It amazes me that people had no idea the sites existed, until they started digging and excavating… blows my mind that so much history is buried under and within our cities!
Also, my favorite thing about Huaca Pucllana is how the ancient architecture contrasts with the modern. Literally, modern hotels, homes and businesses are located mere meters from this site. And it adds to the history, because it shows you how we build on top of what previously existed, and sometimes what previously existed can go without being noticed… unless it’s a famous pre-Inca culture, of course!
Huaca Pucllana is a historical archaeological site, that adds to the modern urban landscape. I love how there is so much culture and history right inside of Lima, that would otherwise go unnoticed if not for the preservers of the sites!
If you’re ever in Lima and want to check out some famous rocks, I suggest Huaca Pucllana in Miraflores!
Are there any ruins in your city?